What are mosquito adulticides?
Adulticides are insecticides applied to kill adult mosquitoes. The most commonly used adulticides to control mosquitoes include: Permethrin, Malathion, Resmethrin, Pyrethrins, and Naled. Insecticides, such as permethrin, are used to control adult mosquitoes around homes and out-buildings.
What is adulticiding?
Adulticiding is the application of insecticides to control adult mosquitoes. It is an important part of an effective mosquito management program if it is based on mosquito surveillance information.
How does mosquito adulticiding work?
The idea behind mosquito adulticiding is to release the insecticide in as many very fine droplets as possible. Adult mosquitoes are killed when they come into contact with one of these droplets as they are flying. Very fine droplets are used because the more droplets there are and the longer the droplets stay in the air, the better the chances are that a droplet will come in contact with a mosquito.
In what forms are mosquito adulticides used?
Adulticides are most commonly applied as very fine droplets to quickly kill adult mosquitoes present in a given area. This is referred to as fogging. Longer-lasting adulticides also may be applied to known adult resting areas to provide longer-term control. Such treatments are referred to as barrier treatments.
Where are adulticides used to kill mosquitoes?
Mosquito adulticides are used in areas where adult mosquitoes have been found to be infected with West Nile virus and may pose risk to the public.
Will adulticides be used for mosquito control in my neighborhood?
Mosquito adulticides are applied as a last resort when public health officials believe the potential health risks from West Nile virus or other mosquito-borne illness outweigh the potential risk from exposure to the insecticide. Factors that influence the decision to spray include: degree of threat to humans, infection rates in mosquitoes, species of mosquito and mosquito habitat. The public is notified when this decision is made. Only the minimum level of adulticide necessary to control mosquito activity is applied.
What is “backpack” spraying?
Hand-held and backpack sprayers are tools used to apply pesticides on limited sites. Appling pesticide to a target area by this equipment is called backpack spraying.
What is fogging?
Fogging is the application of mosquito adulticides in the form of very fine droplets. This method is used to target adult mosquitoes. Adult mosquitoes are killed when they come into contact with one of these droplets as they are flying.
What are barrier treatments in adult mosquito control?
Longer-lasting adulticides may be applied to known adult resting areas to provide longer term control. Such treatments are referred to as barrier treatments. Barrier treatments are intended to make a chemical barrier between a mosquito breeding site and an inhabited area. Typically, these are applied by homeowners or on a limited scale by public mosquito control programs, using handheld equipment to spray plants and other mosquito resting areas around the edges of their property. The insecticides used for barrier treatments last much longer in the environment than those applied by fogging.
Why is adulticiding often called fogging?
Adulticides used to be applied with thermal applicators that released a smoke-insecticide mixture that looked like fog. While these applicators are still in limited use today, most adulticides are applied with truck or aircraft-mounted equipment, using small amounts of insecticides mixed in a small amount of water or another carrier. The correct name for these applications is ultra low volume (ULV), but the term fogging is still commonly used.
Are adulticides any better at killing mosquitoes than pesticides that attack larval mosquitoes (larvicides)?
The use of mosquito larvicides generally is considered preferable to the use of adulticides for several reasons:
If we use adulticides for mosquito control now, does that mean we do not need to use mosquito larvicides?
Effective mosquito control programs emphasize larval control and source reduction. Mosquito larvicides will continue to be used to minimize the need for adult control, along with source reduction (i.e., elimination of standing water of any size if possible).
Am I likely to be exposed to mosquito adulticides?
Mosquito adulticides are used only in certain high-risk areas and in the minimum amount necessary to achieve better mosquito control. Insecticides are short lived and most of the risk occurs during the application and for an hour or so afterwards. Precautions to minimize your exposure to mosquito adulticides include:
What problems could I have if I am exposed to mosquito adulticides?
The known health threats associated with commonly used mosquito adulticides are considered to be less serious than those posed by West Nile virus and other mosquito borne illnesses. The Environmental Protection Agency has a website with toxicology information on the pesticides used to control mosquitoes.
Are mosquito adulticides available to the public for home use?
Yes, a number of insecticides available to the public are labeled for mosquito control. Be sure to read, understand and follow all label instructions and precautions.
What is Permethrin insecticide?
Permethrin insecticide is used for fogging and barrier spraying to control adult mosquitoes. The Environmental Protection Agency has a website with toxicology information on the pesticides used to control mosquitoes.
Is there any danger to my children or pets from the spray?
The chemical (Permethrin) is a safe treatment with minimal risk to humans. Residents and their pets are encouraged to stay away from areas being sprayed until the insecticide has dried. (about ½ -1 hour)